▕DVD9▕ Sonic the Hedgehog
- Coauthor Tim Nowak
- Resume: IT specialist with a hint of Multimedia Talent.
Writer: Yuji Naka
Sonic the hedgehog movie redesign. More like Doctor egg Head 😂😁. Sonic the hedgehog trailer.
Sonic the hedgehog movie 1999
Sonic the hedgehog 3. Sonic the hedgehog animation. Sonic the hedgehog release date. Seriendaten Deutscher Titel Sonic der irre Igel bzw. Sonic der blaue Igel Originaltitel Sonic the Hedgehog Produktionsland Vereinigte Staaten Originalsprache Englisch Jahr(e) 1993–1994 Produktions- unternehmen DiC Entertainment, Sega (Figuren) Länge 22 Minuten Episoden 26 in 2 Staffeln ( Liste) Genre Zeichentrick, Action, Fantasy, Comedy Titelmusik In der engl. Fassung: Fastest Thing Alive – Noisy Neighbors Produktion John Grusd Musik Michael Tavera (Staffel 1), Matt Muhoberac, John Zuker Erstausstrahlung 18. September 1993 (USA) auf ABC Deutschsprachige Erstausstrahlung 2. Januar 1996 als Teil von Sonic der irre Igel auf Kabel eins Synchronisation Sonic the Hedgehog ist eine US-amerikanische Zeichentrickserie und umfasst 26 Folgen, aufgeteilt in zwei Staffeln. Ihr Inhalt ist an die Spiele von Sonic the Hedgehog angelehnt. Sie wurde in Deutschland als Teil von Sonic der irre Igel erstmals 1996 auf Kabel eins ausgestrahlt. Im Jahr 2012 wurde sie auf dem Bezahlfernsehsender KidsCo komplett neu synchronisiert ausgestrahlt. Um Verwechslungen zur gleichnamigen Spieleserie vorzubeugen, wird die Serie von englischsprachigen Fans auch SatAM oder Sonic SatAM (von "Saturday ante meridiem" oder auch "Saturday at morning") genannt, da sie in den USA jeden Samstagmorgen ausgestrahlt wurde.   Die Serie grenzt sich von der zeitgleich ausgestrahlten Serie Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog (ebenfalls Teil von Sonic der irre Igel) durch die wesentlich seriösere Geschichte und dystopische Umgebung ab. Handlung [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Im Jahre 3224 endet auf Planet Mobius, der von menschenartigen Tieren bewohnt wird, der Great War (Großer Krieg). König Acorn von Mobotropolis ernennt darauf hin den bisherigen Kriegsminister Dr. Julian Robotnik zum Wissenschaftsminister. Dieser und sein Neffe Snively verfolgen jedoch andere Pläne. Robotnik nutzt seine Armee aus Robotern um einen Staatsstreich durchzuführen. Nach dessen Gelingen lässt er so viele Einwohner wie möglich einfangen und verwandelt sie durch den Robotisierer in willenlose Robotersklaven. Robotnik verbannt den König in eine andere Dimension namens The Void (Das Nichts). Diejenigen, die dem bösartigen Dr. Robotnik entkommen können, bilden vereinzelt Freiheitskämpfergruppen und führen von nun an einen Guerillakrieg gegen den Tyrannen, darunter auch die Knothole Freedom Fighters. Diese Gruppe besteht aus Prinzessin Sally Acorn, Sonic the Hedgehog, Rotor Walrus, Tails, Bunnie Rabbot und Antoine Depardieu, sowie Dulcy (ab Staffel 2). In den folgenden elf Jahren gelingt es ihnen immer wieder kleine Siege gegen Robotnik zu erringen. Eines Tages entdecken sie in der Wüste The Great Unknown (Das Große Unbekannte) einen Eingang in das Void. Dieser wird von Robotniks ehemaligen Mitstreiter Naugus erzeugt, welcher das Void entdeckt hatte. Dort finden die Freiheitskämpfer auch den verschollenen König wieder. Unter anderem gelingt es den Freiheitskämpfern durch eine Zeitreise an die Baupläne des Robotisierers zu gelangen. Diese nutzen sie, um einen Entrobotisierer zu entwickelt, welcher jedoch nicht dauerhaft funktioniert. Sie können aber herausfinden, dass alle robotisierten Mobianer zu jeder Zeit bei vollem Bewusstsein sind, ohne Kontrolle über ihren Körper zu haben. Diese Erkenntnis nutzen sie, um Onkel Chucks Geist mittels Powerring zu befreien. Charles Hedgehog dient nun als Spion der Freiheitskämpfer in Robotropolis, Robotniks Hauptstadt. Durch seine Hilfe können sie herausfinden, dass Dr. Robotnik an einer alles zerstörenden Maschine arbeitet, dem Doomsday Projekt (Weltvernichtungsprojekt). Mit dieser hofft er den endgültigen Sieg erringen zu können. Doch wird er auch dieses Mal empfindlich von Sonic und Sally getroffen, als sie mit den Deep Power Stones seinen Traum zerstören. Nach dessen Zerstörung feiern die Freiheitskämpfer ihren Sieg über Dr. Robotnik. Dieser wird von Naugus gefangen genommen. Doch nun tritt Robotniks Neffe Snively aus dem Hintergrund hervor und will selbst die Welt beherrschen. Figuren [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Hauptfiguren [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Sonic the Hedgehog Sonic ist ein 16 Jahre alter, blauer Igel. Er kann so schnell wie der Schall rennen. Er ist sehr klug, wobei es ihm aber offensichtlich an Bildung mangelt. Er wird manchmal auch als Anführer der Freedom Fighters tituliert. Prinzessin Sally Alicia Acorn Sie ist die 16 Jahre alte Tochter von König Acorn und die Anführerin der Knothole Freedom Fighters. Sie organisiert und plant die meisten Einsätze der Truppe. Sie wurde intern als „ Fuchs / Eichhörnchen “  bezeichnet. Bunnie Rabbot Bunnie ist ein halb robotisiertes Kaninchen, das die Freiheitskämpfer gerettet haben. Sie kann durch ihren Roboterarm sehr schwere Objekte heben oder Türen aufschlagen. Rotor Er ist der Wissenschaftler und Mechaniker in Knothole. Zudem entwickelt er, neben Sally, des Öfteren neue Maschinen. Antoine Depardieu Dieser Kojote ist eine königliche Wache in der Ausbildung. Er versteht es als seine Aufgabe, Sally zu schützen. Dabei behindert er jedoch oftmals aufgrund seiner Feigheit die Aktionen der Freiheitskämpfer. NICOLE NICOLE ist ein extrem leistungsfähiger Taschencomputer, der vorwiegend von Sally benutzt wird und einen großen Wissensspeicher enthält auf den die Freiheitskämpfer oft zugreifen. Tails Dieser zweischwänzige Fuchs ist selten an Einsätzen beteiligt. Falls er doch einmal an diesen teilnimmt, zeigt er sich als große Hilfe. Er bezeichnet Sally als seine Tante. Sir Dr. Charles Hedgehog (Onkel Chuck) Onkel Chuck ist der Erfinder des Robotisierers und der Powerringe. Er wurde für seine Erfindungen vom König geadelt, wurde jedoch durch Robotnik von seiner eigenen Erfindung versklavt. Dulcy Dulcy ist ein weiblicher Wächterdrache. Sie ist durch ihre Fähigkeiten, insbesondere das Fliegen, ein wertvolles Mitglied der Freiheitskämpfer. Naugus Naugus ist ein mächtiger Zauberer und arbeitete mit Dr. Robotnik zusammen. Er entdeckte das Void, wurde jedoch von Robotnik hintergangen und dort eingesperrt. Dr. Julian Robotnik Robotnik ist ein etwa 2 Meter großer, übergewichtiger aber muskulöser Wissenschaftler, der den Planeten Mobius unter seine Kontrolle bringen will. Dabei fallen ihm immer wieder neue teuflische Methoden ein, die er skrupellos ausführt. Snively Dieser kleine Mann ist Robotniks Neffe und Gehilfe. Er dient als Ablassventil für Robotniks Frust, obwohl er manchmal eine große Hilfe für ihn ist. Im Verlauf der Serie wird er seinem Onkel gegenüber zunehmend illoyal und schmiedet eigene Pläne, die Herrschaft an sich zu reißen. Nebenfiguren [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] König Acorn König Acorn ist der rechtmäßige Herrscher über Mobotropolis, der von Robotnik gestürzt wurde. Er ist des Weiteren Sallys Vater und hat Kenntnisse über alle Widerstandsgruppen auf Mobius. Ari Ari war der Anführer einer Freiheitskämpfergruppe, die jedoch von Robotnik bis auf ihn robotisiert wurde. Cat Diese Katze war ein älteres Mitglied der Freiheitskämpfer, wurde jedoch bei einem Einsatz von Robotnik gefangen genommen. Dirk Er ist der Anführer der südlichen Freiheitskämpfergruppe. Griff Griff ist Mitglied einer Überlebendengruppe die in Lower Mobius lebt. Die Krake Die Krake haust in ihrem Höhlenkönigreich unter dem Great Forest. Lupe Sie ist die Anführerin des Wolfrudels (Wolf Pack), einer anderen Freiheitskämpfergruppe im Great Unknown. Muttskimeister (Muttski) Dies ist Sonics Hund, der von Robotnik robotisiert wurde. Pollo Er ist der Anführer der östlichen Freiheitskämpfergruppe. Rosie Sie ist das Kindermädchen der Knothole Freedom Fighters bis sie, eigentlich, von Arbeiterrobotern gefangen genommen und robotisiert wurde. Während einer Zeitreise rät Sally ihr jedoch, niemals Knothole zu verlassen, wodurch sie nun nicht robotisiert wurde. Sabina Sabina ist die Mutter von Dulcy und ebenfalls ein Wächterdrache. Terrapoden Dies sind dinosaurierähnliche Tiere die jedes Jahr nach Boulder Bay ziehen. Cluck Dieses Roboterhuhn ist Robotniks Haustier. Es taucht nur während der ersten Staffel auf. Lazaar Lazaar war ein böser und mächtiger Zauberer, der jedoch während eines langen Schlafes in der Verbotenen Zone seine Einstellung geändert hat. SWAT-Bots Der Großteil aus Dr. Robotniks Roboterarmee besteht aus SWATBots. Sie können zwar leicht überlistet werden, stellen jedoch auch für Sonic eine nicht zu unterschätzende Gefahr dar. Der Wächter (The Guardian) Der Wächter wacht über Lazaars Verbotene Zone. Handlungsorte [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Planet Mobius Auf diesem Planeten spielt sich die gesamte Handlung ab. Mobotropolis/Robotropolis Dies ist die Hauptstadt eines Königreichs auf Planet Mobius. Nach Robotniks Staatsstreich wurde diese einst idyllische, grüne Stadt in Robotropolis umbenannt, ein graues, schmutziges Paradies für Roboter. The Great Forest (Der Große Wald) Es handelt sich um einen großen Wald, der außerhalb von Robotropolis liegt. The Great Swamp (Der Große Sumpf) Der Große Sumpf ist direkt an den Great Forest angeschlossen. The Great Unknown (Das Große Unbekannte) Das große unbekannte Gebiet ist eine wüstenartige Landschaft, in der das Wolf Pack lebt, eine andere Freiheitskämpfergruppe. Knothole Village (Astloch-Dorf) Hier ist das Hauptquartier der Knothole Freedom Fighters. Es handelt sich um ein Dorf, versteckt im Great Forest. Dr. Robotnik und Snively versuchen seit jeher diesen Ort ausfindig zu machen, jedoch gelingt es ihnen nicht. The Void (Das Nichts) The Void befindet sich in einer anderen Dimension, die von Naugus entdeckt wurde. Es dient als Gefängnis für ihn und den gestürzten König Acorn. Lower Mobius (Nieder-Mobius) Dies ist eine Stadt in einer Höhle unter Robotropolis in der einige Überlebende des Staatsstreichs leben. Ironlock Prison (Eisenschloss-Gefängnis) Ironlock ist ein inzwischen verlassenes Gefängnis irgendwo im Great Swamp. Crystal Mine (Kristallmine) In dieser Mine wird von Robotnik nach Kristallen gesucht, die er als Energiequelle für seine Maschinen benutzen möchte. Besondere Objekte [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Powerring (Power Ring) Ist ein gelber, fußballgroßer Ring, der anscheinend aus reiner Energie besteht. Nur Sonic kann ihn verwenden. Er kann dadurch schneller rennen. Sir Charles Hedgehog entwickelte die Powerringe und Dr. Robotnik ist seit dem hinter ihnen her, um sie für seine Maschinen als Energiequelle zu benutzen. Robotisierer (Robotisizer) Ein Gerät, das Lebewesen in Maschinen und somit zu willenlosen Sklaven verwandelt. Entwickelt wurde er von Sir Charles Hedgehog, um Alte länger leben zu lassen. Er zerstörte den Robotisierer jedoch als er die Nebeneffekte bemerkte. Robotnik stahl den Robotisierer daraufhin und benutzte ihn für seine eigenen Zwecke. In der KidsCo-Fassung wird der Robotisierer als Roboterisierer bezeichnet. Dies geht wohl die englische Bezeichnung "roboticization" zurück, die als Abgrenzung zur "robotization" der Tiere aus der Spieleserie von Sonic the Hedgehog entwickelt wurde. Diese Bezeichnung ist jedoch im Zusammenhang mit dieser Zeichentrickserie falsch.  Steine der Macht (Deep Power Stones) Die Steine der Macht können ungeheure Macht oder ungeheure Zerstörung verursachen, je nachdem wie herum sie zusammengefügt werden. Zeitsteine (Time Stones) Die Zeitsteine ermöglichen es durch Gedankenkontrolle an einen beliebigen Ort zu einer beliebigen Zeit zu reisen. Synchronisation [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Rolle Originalsprecher Deutscher Sprecher (Kabel 1) Jaleel White Simon Jäger Bradley Pierce Wanja Gerick Sally Alicia Acorn Kath Soucie Andrea Kathrin Loewig Christine Cavanaugh Rob Paulsen Thomas Nero Wolff Mark Ballou (Staffel 1) Cam Brainard (Staffel 2) Andreas Hosang Sir Dr. Charles Hedgehog William Windom Tilo Schmitz Cree Summer Sonja Deutsch King Acorn Tim Curry Gerd Holtenau Jim Cummings Joachim Pukaß Charlie Adler Frank-Otto Schenk Michael Bell Michael Christian Jim Cummings Frank Welker ( Pilotfolge) Episodenliste [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Es ist zu beachten, dass die Sortierung der Episodenreihenfolge je nach Quelle anders ausgeführt ist. Das liegt darin begründet, dass die Erstausstrahlungsreihenfolge nicht der Produktionsreihenfolge der Episoden entspricht. Letztere wurde jedoch auf der vollen DVD-Veröffentlichung und in der neusten deutschsprachigen Ausstrahlung benutzt. Staffel 1 [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Nr. ( ges. ) Nr. ( St. ) Deutscher Titel Originaltitel Erstausstrahlung USA Deutschsprachige Erstausstrahlung (D) 1 Der verschwundene Vater (Kabel eins) Die Nachricht vom verlorenen Vater (KidsCo) Sonic Boom 18. Sept. 1993 2. Jan. 1996 2 Die falsche Sally (Kabel eins) Sonic rettet Sally (KidsCo) Sonic and Sally 25. 1993 3. 1996 3 Mein Onkel, der Roboter (Kabel eins) Die Rettung von Mobius (KidsCo) Ultra Sonic 2. Okt. 1993 4. 1996 4 Die geheimen Schriftrollen (Kabel eins) Sonic and the Secret Scrolls 9. 1993 5. 1996 5 Der Zauberkristall (Kabel eins) Der weise Zauberer Lazar (KidsCo) Super Sonic 16. 1993 8. 1996 6 Das Wettrennen (Kabel eins und KidsCo) Sonic Racer 23. 1993 9. 1996 7 Astloch in Gefahr (Kabel eins) Sonic im Weltall (KidsCo) Harmonic Sonic 30. 1993 11. 1996 8 Sonic außer Gefecht (Kabel eins) Antoine und der Power-Ring (KidsCo) Hooked on Sonics 6. Nov. 1993 10. 1996 9 Untergang der Insel Nimbus (Kabel eins) Sonics Alptraum (KidsCo) Sonic’s Nightmare 13. 1993 12. 1996 10 Die Rettung der unterirdischen Stadt (Kabel eins) Ein Besuch bei den Nieder-Mobianern (KidsCo) Warp Sonic 20. 1993 15. 1996 11 Das Wunderwässerchen (Kabel eins) Abenteuer in der Unterwelt (KidsCo) Sub Sonic 27. 1993 16. 1996 12 Tails’ neuer Freund (Kabel eins) Die Terrapots (KidsCo) Sonic Past Cool 4. Dez. 1993 17. 1996 13 Angriff der Giftbienen (Kabel eins) Tails im Einsatz (KidsCo) Heads or Tails 11. 1993 18. 1996 Staffel 2 [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] 14 Onkel Chuck geht spionieren (Kabel eins) Sonic Conversion 10. 1994 19. 1996 15 Freund oder Feind? (Kabel eins) Game Guy 17. 1994 22. 1996 16 Sonic verliert sein Gedächtnis (Kabel eins) No Brainer 24. 1994 23. 1996 17 Zurück in die Vergangenheit (Kabel eins) Blast to the Past (1) 1. 1994 24. 1996 18 Die Reise mit den Zeitsteinen (Kabel eins) Blast to the Past (2) 8. 1994 25. 1996 19 Falsche Gewürze/Das Gespenst (Kabel eins) Fed Up with Antoine/Ghost Busted 15. 1994 26. 1996 20 Die entführte Drachenmutter (Kabel eins) 22. 1994 29. 1996 21 Die Rache des Zauberers (Kabel eins) The Void 29. 1994 30. 1996 22 Wo die Liebe hinfällt (Kabel eins) The Odd Couple/Ro-Becca 5. 1994 31. 1996 23 Neue Mitstreiter (Kabel eins) Cry of the Wolf 12. 1994 1. Febr. 1996 24 Die Steine der Macht (Kabel eins) Drood Henge 19. 1994 2. 1996 25 Der Spion (Kabel eins) Spyhog 26. 1994 5. 1996 26 Die Vernichtungsmaschine (Kabel eins) The Doomsday Project 3. 1994 6. 1996 Weblinks [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Sonic the Hedgehog in der Internet Movie Database (englisch) Sonic the Hedgehog bei Einzelnachweise [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] ↑ FAQ - Why is the Sonic the Hedgehog TV series called “SatAM? ” Abgerufen am 11. Oktober 2012. ↑ What is SatAM? 12. Juli 2011, abgerufen am 11. Oktober 2012. ↑ Chatlog mit Ben Hurst SAGE 2006. ( MS Word; 363 kB) Abgerufen am 15. April 2012. : „ [Anm. : laut Gesprächsverlauf Ben Hurst:] Sally was a fox/squirrel. At least that's what we told ourselves. There was a bit of ambiguity around the office on that one. “ ↑ Skript "Blast to the Past" (2) - Seite 11. 4. April 1994, abgerufen am 12. April 2012.
Sonic the Hedgehog Created by Sonic Team Original work Sonic the Hedgehog (1991) Owned by Sega Print publications Book(s) Printed media list Comics See Comic book list Films and television Film(s) 2020 film Short film(s) Web series list Animated series Animated series list Games Video game(s) Sonic the Hedgehog video game series Sega All-Stars Super Smash Bros. Official website Japan United States Sonic the Hedgehog [a] is a Japanese video game series and media franchise created by Sonic Team and owned by Sega. The franchise centers on Sonic, an anthropomorphic blue hedgehog who battles the evil Doctor Eggman, a mad scientist. The main Sonic the Hedgehog games are platformers developed by Sonic Team; other games, developed by various studios, include spin-offs set in the racing, fighting, party and sports genres. The franchise also incorporates printed media, animations, a 2020 feature film, and merchandise. The first Sonic game, released in 1991 for the Sega Genesis, was developed after Sega requested a new mascot character to replace Alex Kidd and compete with Nintendo 's mascot Mario. Its success helped Sega become one of the leading video game companies during the 16-bit era of the early 1990s. Sega Technical Institute developed the next three Sonic games in addition to Sonic Spinball (1993). After a hiatus during the unsuccessful Saturn era, the first major 3D Sonic game, Sonic Adventure, was released in 1998 for the Dreamcast. Sega exited the console market and shifted to third-party development in 2001, allowing the series to continue on Nintendo, Xbox, and PlayStation systems. While Sonic games typically feature unique game mechanics and stories, they are linked by several recurring elements, such as the health system, locations, and speed-based gameplay. Games typically feature Sonic setting out to stop Eggman's schemes for world domination, and the player navigates levels that include springs, slopes, bottomless pits, and vertical loops. While Sonic and Eggman were the only characters introduced in the first game, the series would go on to have a large cast of characters; some, such as Miles "Tails" Prower, Knuckles the Echidna, and Shadow the Hedgehog, starred in self-titled spin-offs. The franchise has also been represented in crossovers like the Sega All-Stars and Super Smash Bros. series. Sonic the Hedgehog is Sega's flagship franchise and one of the bestselling video game franchises, selling 89 million by March 2011 and grossing over $5 billion by 2014.  The sum of series sales and free-to-play mobile game downloads totaled 920 million by 2019.  Several Sonic games appear on lists of the greatest games of all time, and the series has influenced internet and popular culture, as well as games featuring animal mascots. However, Sonic games have also been criticized for a perceived decline in quality over the years. Development Conception and Genesis games (1991—1995) In 1990, Sega of Japan president Hayao Nakayama decided Sega needed a flagship series and mascot to compete with Nintendo 's Mario series. Nintendo had recently released Super Mario Bros. 3, at the time the bestselling video game ever. Sega's strategy had been based on its earlier release of the Sega Genesis in the 16-bit era and its reliance on its successful arcade business to port games to the console. However, Nakayama recognized that Sega needed a star character in a game that could demonstrate the power of the hardware of the Sega Genesis.  Sega's mascot, Alex Kidd, was considered too similar to Mario.  Some sources indictate that an internal contest was held to determine a new mascot,   although designer Hirokazu Yasuhara indicated the instruction was given to only him, artist Naoto Ohshima, and programmer Yuji Naka.  Regardless, the winning character was a teal hedgehog created by Ohshima.  The gameplay of Sonic the Hedgehog originated with a tech demo created by Naka, who had developed an algorithm that allowed a sprite to move smoothly on a curve by determining its position with a dot matrix. Naka's original prototype was a platform game that involved a fast-moving character rolling in a ball through a long winding tube, a concept fleshed out with Ohshima's character design and levels conceived by Yasuhara.  Sonic's color was chosen to match Sega's cobalt blue logo, and his shoes evolved from a design inspired by Michael Jackson 's boots; the red shoe color was inspired by Santa Claus and the cover of Jackson's 1987 album Bad. His personality was based on Bill Clinton 's "can-do" attitude.     The antagonist, Doctor Eggman, was another character Ohshima had designed for the contest. The development team thought the rejected design was excellent and retooled the character into a villain.  The team took the name Sonic Team for the game's release.  Although Sega of America CEO Michael Katz and Sega of America's marketing experts were certain that Sonic would not catch on with American children,   Katz's replacement, Tom Kalinske, arranged to place Sonic the Hedgehog as the pack-in game with the Genesis.   Featuring speedy gameplay, Sonic the Hedgehog greatly increased the popularity of the Sega Genesis in North America  and is credited with helping Sega gain 65% of the market share against Nintendo.  Naka was dissatisfied with his treatment at Sega and felt he received little credit for his involvement in the success. He quit but was hired by Mark Cerny to work at the US-based Sega Technical Institute (STI), with a higher salary and more creative freedom. Yashura also decided to move to STI.   STI began work on Sonic the Hedgehog 2 in November 1991.  Level artist Yasushi Yamaguchi designed Sonic's new sidekick, Tails, a two-tailed fox that can fly and was inspired by Japanese folklore about the kitsune.  While STI made Sonic 2, Ohshima led a team in Japan to create Sonic CD for the Sega CD.  Like its predecessor, Sonic the Hedgehog 2 was a major success, but its development suffered from the language barrier and cultural differences between the Japanese and American developers.  Once development on Sonic 2 concluded, Cerny departed and was replaced by Roger Hector. Under Hector, STI was divided into two teams: the Japanese developers led by Naka, and the American developers.  The Japanese began to work on Sonic the Hedgehog 3 and Sonic & Knuckles.  The two were intended to be one large game, but time was limited and the manufacturing costs of a 34-megabit cartridge  with NVRAM were prohibitively expensive. The team split the game in half, giving the developers more time to finish the second part, and splitting the cost between two cartridges.  The games introduced Sonic's rival Knuckles, created by artist Takashi Thomas Yuda. : 51; 233 When Sega management realized Sonic the Hedgehog 3 would not be completed in time for the 1993 holiday shopping season, it commissioned the American team to make a new game, the spin-off Sonic Spinball.  Following the release of Sonic & Knuckles in 1994, Yasuhara quit Sega and Naka returned to Japan, having been offered a role as a producer.  He was reunited with Ohshima and brought with him Takashi Iizuka,  who had worked with Naka's team at STI.  A number of Sonic games were developed for Sega's 8-bit consoles, the Master System and Game Gear. The first, an 8-bit version of the first game, was developed by Ancient to promote the handheld Game Gear and was released in December 1991.  Aspect Co. developed most of the subsequent 8-bit Sonic games, beginning with a version of Sonic 2.  Other notable Sonic games released during this period include Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine (a Western localization of the Japanese puzzle game Puyo Puyo),  SegaSonic the Hedgehog (an arcade game),  and Knuckles' Chaotix ( a spin-off for the Genesis's 32X add-on starring Knuckles).  Saturn (1996—1998) During the development of Sonic 3, the developers had created a prototype for an isometric Sonic game.  Sega reused this concept for Sonic 3D Blast (1996), commissioned towards the end of the Genesis's lifecycle.  In Japan, Sonic Team was preoccupied with new intellectual property,  Nights into Dreams (1996), for Sega's 32-bit Saturn console, so development of 3D Blast was outsourced to the British studio Traveller's Tales.  While 3D Blast sold well,   it was criticized for its gameplay, controls, and slow pace.    Meanwhile, in America, STI worked on Sonic X-treme, a 3D Sonic game for the Saturn intended for the 1996 holiday shopping season. X-treme 's development was hindered by disputes between Sega of America and Japan, Naka's refusal to let STI use the Nights into Dreams game engine, and problems adapting the series to 3D. After two of the lead developers became ill, the game was canceled.   With X-treme 's cancellation, Sega ported 3D Blast to the console   with updated graphics and bonus levels developed by Sonic Team.   In 1997, Sega announced "Project Sonic", a promotional campaign aimed at increasing market awareness of and renewing excitement for the Sonic brand. The first Project Sonic release, the compilation Sonic Jam,  included a 3D overworld used by Sonic Team to experiment with 3D Sonic gameplay.  Sonic Team and Traveller's Tales collaborated again to produce the second Project Sonic game— Sonic R,  a 3D racing game and the only original Sonic game for the Saturn.   The cancellation of Sonic X-treme, as well as the Saturn's general lack of Sonic games, are considered important factors in the Saturn's struggle to find an audience.   The series' popularity diminished; according to Nick Thorpe of Retro Gamer, "[b]y mid-1997 Sonic had essentially been shuffled into the background... it was astonishing to see that just six years after his debut, Sonic was already retro. "  Jump to 3D (1998—2005) With its Sonic Jam experiments, Sonic Team began developing a 3D Sonic platformer for the Saturn. The project stemmed from a proposal by Iizuka to develop a Sonic role-playing video game (RPG) with an emphasis on storytelling. The Saturn's limited capabilities made development difficult, so Sonic Team transitioned development to the Dreamcast, which Naka believed would allow for the ultimate Sonic game. : 65–67 Sonic Adventure, released in 1998, was one of the largest video games ever created at the time,  and introduced elements that became series staples.   Artist Yuji Uekawa redesigned the characters to better suit 3D, with a style influenced by comics and animation.  Sonic Team's American division, Sonic Team USA, developed a sequel, Sonic Adventure 2 (2001), designed to be more action -oriented.  While both Adventure games were well received   and the first sold over two million copies,  consumer interest in the Dreamcast quickly faded, and Sega's attempts to spur sales through lower prices and cash rebates caused escalating financial losses.  In January 2001, Sega announced it was discontinuing the Dreamcast to become a third-party developer.  Afterward, Sega released an expanded port of Sonic Adventure 2 for the Nintendo GameCube,  chosen for its 56k technology.  Sonic Team USA also began developing the first multi-platform Sonic game, Sonic Heroes (2003), for the GameCube, Microsoft 's Xbox, and Sony 's PlayStation 2.  The game was designed for a broad audience,  and Sonic Team revived elements, such as special stages and the Chaotix characters, not seen since the Genesis era.  Reviews for Sonic Heroes were mixed;  while its graphics and gameplay were praised, critics felt it failed to address the problems of previous Sonic games, such as the camera.    After completing Sonic Heroes, Sonic Team USA was renamed Sega Studios USA.  Its next project was Shadow the Hedgehog (2005), a Sonic spin-off starring Shadow, a character introduced in Adventure 2.   While Shadow retains most elements from previous Sonic games, it was aimed at a mature audience and introduces third-person shooting and nonlinear gameplay.  Shadow the Hedgehog was critically panned for its mature themes and level design,   but was a commercial success, selling at least 1. 59 million units.   Sega continued to release 2D Sonic games. In 1999, it collaborated with SNK to produce Sonic the Hedgehog Pocket Adventure,  an adaptation of Sonic 2 for the Neo Geo Pocket Color.  Some SNK staff went on to form Dimps the following year and developed original 2D Sonic games— Sonic Advance (2001), Sonic Advance 2 (2002), and Sonic Advance 3 (2004)—for Nintendo's Game Boy Advance (GBA).   Sonic Advance was outsourced to Dimps because Sonic Team was understaffed with employees familiar with the GBA's hardware.  Dimps also developed Sonic Rush (2005) for the Nintendo DS, which uses a 2. 5D perspective.   To introduce older games in the series to new fans, Sonic Team developed two compilations, Sonic Mega Collection (2002) and Sonic Gems Collection (2005).  Further spin-offs included the party game Sonic Shuffle (2000),  the pinball game Sonic Pinball Party (2003),  and the fighting game Sonic Battle (2003).  Seventh-generation consoles (2006—2012) For the franchise's 15th anniversary in 2006, Sonic Team developed Sonic Riders, Sonic the Hedgehog,   and a GBA port of the original Sonic.  Sonic Riders, the first Sonic racing game since Sonic R, was designed to appeal to Sonic and extreme sports fans.   With a more realistic setting than previous entries, Sonic the Hedgehog was intended to reboot the series for seventh generation consoles such as the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3.    The game faced serious development problems; Naka resigned as head of Sonic Team to form Prope  and the team split so work could begin on a Nintendo Wii Sonic game. According to Iizuka, these incidents, coupled with stringent Sega deadlines and an unpolished game engine, forced Sonic Team to rush development.  None of the 15th-anniversary Sonic games were successful critically,   but Sonic the Hedgehog in particular was panned and became regarded as the worst game in the series.   Game Informer wrote that the game "[became] synonymous with the struggles the Sonic the Hedgehog franchise had faced in recent years. Sonic 2006 was meant to be a return to the series' roots, but it ended up damning the franchise in the eyes of many. "  The first Sonic game for the Wii, Sonic and the Secret Rings (2007), takes place in the world of Arabian Nights and was released instead of a port of the 2006 Sonic the Hedgehog.  Citing lengthy development times, Sega switched plans and conceived a game that would use the motion detection of the Wii Remote.  Sega released a sequel, Sonic and the Black Knight, set in the world of King Arthur, in 2009.  Secret Rings and Black Night form what is known as the Sonic Storybook sub-series.  A Sonic Riders sequel, Zero Gravity (2008), and a version of Unleashed were also developed for the Wii and PlayStation 2.   Sega collaborated with former rival Nintendo to produce Mario & Sonic, an Olympic Games -themed crossover with the Mario franchise. The first Mario & Sonic game was released in 2007 to tie in with the 2008 Summer Olympics,   and sequels based on the 2010 Winter Olympics and the 2012 Summer Olympics were released in 2009 and 2011.   Dimps returned to the Sonic series with Sonic Rush Adventure, a sequel to Sonic Rush, in 2007.  DS versions of the Mario & Sonic games were produced,   while BioWare developed the first Sonic RPG, Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood (2008), also for the DS.  Backbone Entertainment developed two Sonic games exclusive to the PlayStation Portable, Sonic Rivals (2006) and Sonic Rivals 2 (2007).   Sonic Team began working on Sonic Unleashed (2008) in 2005.  It was conceived as a sequel to Adventure 2, but became a standalone entry after Sonic Team introduced innovations to separate it from the Adventure games.  With Unleashed, Sonic Team sought to combine the best aspects of 2D and 3D Sonic games and address criticisms of previous 3D entries,   although reviews were mixed.  Following this string of poorly received Sonic games, Sonic Team refocused on speed and more traditional side-scrolling,  and Iizuka was installed as the head of the department.   Sonic the Hedgehog 4, a side-scrolling episodic sequel to Sonic & Knuckles co-developed by Sonic Team and Dimps,  began with Episode I in 2010,  followed by Episode II in 2012.  Later in 2010, Sega released Sonic Colors for the Wii and DS, expanding on the well received aspects of Unleashed and introduced the Wisp power-ups.  For the series' 20th anniversary in 2011, Sega released Sonic Generations for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Windows;   a separate version was developed by Dimps for the Nintendo 3DS.   Sonic Generations featured remakes of levels from previous Sonic games and reintroduced the "classic" Sonic design from the Genesis era.   These efforts were better received, especially in comparison to the 2006 game and Unleashed.  The British studio Sumo Digital developed Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing (2010) and Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed (2012), crossover kart racing games featuring Sonic and other Sega franchises.   Eighth-generation consoles (2013–present) In May 2013, Nintendo announced it was collaborating with Sega to produce three Sonic games for its Wii U and 3DS platforms.  The first game in the partnership, 2013's Sonic Lost World,  was also the first Sonic game for eighth generation hardware.  Sonic Lost World was designed to be streamlined and fluid in movement and design,  borrowing elements from Nintendo's Super Mario Galaxy games and the canceled X-treme.  The second was Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games (2013) for the Wii U, the fourth Mario & Sonic game and a 2014 Winter Olympics tie-in.  The deal was completed in 2014 with the release of Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric for the Wii U and Sonic Boom: Shattered Crystal for the 3DS; these games were based on the Sonic Boom television series (see Animation section).   None of the games were well received; Sonic Lost World polarized critics,  critics found Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games mediocre  and panned the Sonic Boom games.  Nonetheless, the fifth Mario & Sonic game, Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, and Sonic Boom: Fire & Ice, a Shattered Crystal sequel, were released in 2016.   Sega began to release more Sonic games for mobile phones,  such as iOS and Android devices. After he developed a version of Sonic CD for modern consoles in 2011, Australian programmer Christian "Taxman" Whitehead collaborated with fellow Sonic fandom member Simon "Stealth" Thomley to develop remasters of the original Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic the Hedgehog 2 for iOS and Android, which were released in 2013.  The remasters were developed using Whitehead's Retro Engine, an engine tailored for 2D projects,  and their upgrades received considerable praise.   Sonic Dash (2013), a Temple Run -style endless runner,  was developed by Hardlight  and was downloaded over 100 million times by 2015,  and received a Sonic Boom -themed sequel that year.  Sonic Team released Sonic Runners, its first game for mobile devices, in 2015.  Sonic Runners was also an endless runner,  but was unsuccessful  and discontinued a year after release.  Gameloft released a sequel, Sonic Runners Adventure, in 2017 to generally positive reviews.   At the San Diego Comic-Con in July 2016, Sega announced two Sonic games to coincide with the series' 25th anniversary: Sonic Mania and Sonic Forces.  Both were released for the PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch, and Windows in 2017.   Sonic Mania was developed by the independent game developers PagodaWest Games and Headcannon with a staff comprising members of the Sonic fandom; Whitehead conceived the project and served as director.  The game, which emulates the gameplay and visuals of the Genesis entries, was hailed as a return to form for the franchise.    Meanwhile, Sonic Team developed Sonic Forces, which revives the dual gameplay of Sonic Generations along with a third gameplay style featuring the player's custom character.   Sonic Forces received mixed reviews,  with criticism directed at its short length.    At SXSW in March 2019, Iizuka confirmed a new mainline Sonic game was in development, although he did not specify any details.  Additionally, Sumo Digital developed another Sonic kart racing game, Team Sonic Racing (2019). Unlike its predecessors, Team Sonic Racing only features Sonic characters, as Sumo Digital wanted to expand the series' world and character roster.    Story Sega wanted Sonic to have strong Western appeal, so Sonic Team created a backstory similar to those of characters created by Disney, Marvel, Hanna-Barbera, and Sanrio.  Oshima developed a backstory with heavy American influence. In Ohshima's story, in the 1940s, there was a pilot whose peers nicknamed him "Hedgehog", and his jacket's embroidery contained an emblem with a hedgehog. The pilot married a children's book author, who wrote a story about a hedgehog based on the pilot. According to Ohshima, that story was the basis of the original Sonic the Hedgehog, and the title screen is based on the pilot's emblem.  When localizing the original Sonic the Hedgehog, Sega of America was given little background information regarding the game's lore by the Japanese developers,  and distributed an internal document that contained its "localized history and overall philosophy" for Sonic.  Known colloquially as the " Sonic the Hedgehog Bible ",  the 13-page  document went through multiple drafts.  One established that Sonic was from a family of hedgehogs that lived under a hedge in Hardly, Nebraska, and joined the town's track team after a coach noticed his speed.  Later drafts abandoned this story,  instead stating that Sonic learned his abilities from forest animals.  However, all three drafts establish that Eggman was benevolent and crafted Sonic's red sneakers, before he became evil in a freak accident involving a rotten egg.  The Sonic Bible had little lasting influence on the franchise,  although it heavily informed the writers of Sonic the Comic. The Japanese developers eventually integrated their backstory concepts in the games, rendering the Sonic Bible non- canon.  Sonic games traditionally follow Sonic's efforts to stop the mad scientist Eggman, who schemes to obtain the Chaos Emeralds—seven [b] emeralds with mystical powers. Within the Sonic lore, the Emeralds can turn thoughts into power,  warp time and space with a technique called Chaos Control,   give energy to all living things, and be used to create nuclear or laser-based weaponry.  Sonic & Knuckles introduced the Master Emerald,  which controls the power of the Chaos Emeralds.  Eggman seeks the Emeralds in his quest to conquer the world, and traps animals in aggressive robots and stationary metal capsules. Because Sonic Team was inspired by the culture of the 1990s, Sonic features strong environmental themes.  Sonic represents "nature",  while Eggman represents "machinery" and "development"—a play on the then-growing debate between developers and environmentalists.  Characters The Sonic franchise is known for its large cast of characters;  Sonic the Fighters (1996) producer Yu Suzuki jokingly said that anyone who makes a Sonic game has the duty to create new characters.  The first game introduced Sonic, a blue hedgehog who can run at incredible speeds, and Eggman, a rotund mad scientist who designs robots and seeks the Chaos Emeralds.  During the Genesis era, Eggman was referred to by his surname, Robotnik, in Western territories.  The name change, instituted by Sega of America's Dean Sitton,  was made without consulting the Japanese developers, who did not want a single character to have two different names. Since Sonic Adventure, the character has been referred to as Eggman in all territories.  Much of the series' core cast was introduced in the succeeding games for the Genesis and its add-ons. Sonic 2 introduced Sonic's sidekick Miles "Tails" Prower, a yellow fox who can fly using his two tails.  Sonic CD introduced Amy Rose, a pink hedgehog and Sonic's self-proclaimed girlfriend, and Metal Sonic, a robotic doppelgänger of Sonic created by Eggman.  Sonic 3 introduced Sonic's rival Knuckles, a red echidna and the guardian of the Master Emerald,  while Knuckles' Chaotix introduced the Chaotix, a group comprising Espio the Chameleon, Vector the Crocodile, and Charmy Bee.  A number of characters introduced during this period, such as Mighty the Armadillo and Ray the Flying Squirrel from SegaSonic the Hedgehog and Fang the Sniper from Sonic Triple Trouble (1994), faded into obscurity, although they sometimes reappear.   During Sonic Adventure 's development, Sonic Team discovered that the characters' designs from the Genesis games, which were relatively simple, did not suit a 3D environment. As such, the art style was modernized to alter the characters' proportions and make them appeal to Western audiences.  Since Sonic Adventure, the series' cast has expanded considerably.  Notable characters introduced in or following Sonic Adventure include Big,  a large cat who fishes for his pet frog;   the E-100 Series of robots;  Shadow, a brooding black hedgehog;  Rouge, a treasure-hunting bat;  Blaze, a cat from an alternate dimension;  and Silver, a telekinetic hedgehog from the future.  The series also features two fictional species: Chao, which function as digital pets and minor gameplay elements,  and Wisps, which function as power-ups.  Some Sonic characters have headlined spin-off games. Eggman is the featured character of Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine, a Western localization of Puyo Puyo. Sega chose to replace the Puyo Puyo characters with those from the Sonic franchise because it feared the product would not be popular with a Western audience.  In 1995, Sega released two Game Gear spin-offs featuring Tails— Tails' Skypatrol (a scrolling shooter) and Tails Adventure (a Metroidvania game)   —and the Knuckles-oriented Knuckles' Chaotix for the 32X.  2005's Shadow the Hedgehog was developed in response to the Shadow character's popularity and to introduce "gun action" gameplay to the franchise.  Iizuka has commented that future spin-offs, such as sequels to Knuckles' Chaotix and Shadow the Hedgehog or a Big the Cat game, remain possibilities.   Gameplay Sonic the Hedgehog games are characterized by speed-based platforming gameplay. Controlling the player character, the player navigates a series of levels at high speeds while jumping between platforms, avoiding enemy and inanimate obstacles, and collecting power-ups. The series contains both 2D and 3D games. 2D entries generally feature a simple control scheme, with jumping and attacking controlled by a single button, and require the player to simply reach the level's end. Meanwhile, 3D entries are more open-ended and feature additional level objectives, as well as the ability to upgrade and customize the playable character. Most games since Sonic Unleashed blend 2D and 3D gameplay, with the camera shifting between side-scrolling and third-person perspectives. One distinctive game mechanic of Sonic games are collectible golden rings spread throughout levels, which act as a form of health. Players possessing at least one ring can survive upon sustaining damage from an enemy or hazardous object; instead of dying, the player's rings are scattered. In most Sonic games, a hit causes the player to lose all of the rings, although in certain games a hit only costs a set number of rings such as ten or twenty. When the rings are scattered, the player has a short amount of time to re-collect some of them before they disappear. In many games, collecting 100 rings usually rewards the player character an extra life. Rings have other uses in certain games, such as currency ( Sonic Adventure 2), restoring health bars ( Sonic Unleashed), or improving statistics ( Sonic Riders). Levels in Sonic games feature elements such as slopes, bottomless pits, and vertical loops. Springboards are scattered throughout levels and catapult the player at high speeds in a particular direction. Sometimes they allow the player to proceed further in the level, while other times they are used to hinder their progress. Players' progress in levels is saved by passing checkpoints. Checkpoints serve other uses in various games, such as entering bonus stages in Sonic the Hedgehog 2, and leveling up in Sonic Heroes. In the 2D games, checkpoints take the appearance of posts, while in 3D games they are either small gates or pads on the ground. Some level locales, most notably Green Hill Zone, recur throughout the series. The series contains numerous power-ups, which are usually held in boxes that appear throughout levels. An icon indicates what it contains, and the player releases the item by destroying the box. In the early games, the boxes resembled television sets and could only be destroyed with an attack; in later games, they became transparent capsule -like objects easily destroyed with one touch. Common items in boxes include rings, a shield, invincibility, high speed, and extra lives. Sonic Colors introduced the Wisps, a race of extraterrestrial creatures that act as power-ups. Each Wisp has its own special ability corresponding to its color; for instance, yellow Wisps allow players to drill underground and find otherwise inaccessible areas. In most Sonic games, the goal is to collect the Chaos Emeralds; the player is frequently required to collect them all to defeat Eggman and achieve the games' good endings. Sonic games that do not feature the Chaos Emeralds, such as Sonic CD and the Sonic Storybook sub-series, feature different collectibles that otherwise function the same. Some games require the player to find the Emeralds in bonus stages accessed by collecting 50 rings, while others implement them as a plot device. In certain games, such as Sonic R and the 8-bit versions of Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic the Hedgehog 2, the player is required to find the Emeralds within levels themselves. By collecting the Emeralds, players are rewarded with their characters' "Super" form, which grants them incredible speed, near-invincibility, and a change in color. Sonic games often share basic gameplay, but some have game mechanics that distinguish them from others. For instance, Knuckles' Chaotix is similar to previous entries in the series, but introduces a partner system whereby the player is connected to another character via a tether; the tether behaves like a rubber band and must be used to maneuver the characters. Sonic Unleashed introduces the Werehog, a beat 'em up gameplay style in which Sonic transforms into a werewolf -like beast and must fight enemies using brute strength. Both the Sonic Storybook games feature unique concepts: Secret Rings is controlled exclusively using the Wii Remote's motion detection, which Black Night incorporates hack and slash gameplay. While some games feature Sonic as the only playable character, others feature multiple, who typically have abilities Sonic does not and can access new areas. Many Sonic games contain multiplayer and cooperative gameplay, beginning with Sonic the Hedgehog 2. In some games, if the player chooses to control Sonic and Tails together, a second player can join in at any time and control Tails separately. Many also feature a competitive mode where two players compete against each other to the finish line in a split screen race. Crossovers Five months before the release of Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic first appeared in Sega AM3 's racing game Rad Mobile (1991) as an ornament hanging from the driver's rearview mirror. Sonic Team let AM3 use Sonic because it was interested in getting the character visible to the public. Sonic also appears as a playable character in Christmas Nights (1996), a power-up in Billy Hatcher and the Giant Egg (2003), and makes a cameo in the 2008 Wii version of Samba de Amigo (1999). He and other characters from the franchise also feature in the Sega All-Stars series of Sega crossover games. Additionally, Flicky, the blue bird from Sega's 1984 arcade game, is an entire species and minor reoccurring minor character in Sonic. Since 2007, Sonic has appeared with Nintendo's mascot Mario in the Mario & Sonic series of Olympic Games tie-ins. Sonic also appears as a playable character in Nintendo's Super Smash Bros. series of crossover fighting games, beginning with Super Smash Bros. Brawl in 2008. Alongside Solid Snake from Konami 's Metal Gear franchise, Sonic was the first non-Nintendo character to appear in Smash. He was first considered for inclusion in Super Smash Bros. Melee (2001), but the game was too close to completion so his introduction was delayed until Brawl. He returned in Brawl 's sequels, Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U (2014) and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate (2018). Additionally, Shadow and Knuckles appear in Smash as non-playable characters, while numerous Sonic characters make cameos through collectible stickers and trophies. In June 2015, characters from the Angry Birds RPG Angry Birds Epic (2014) appeared as playable characters in Sonic Dash during a three-week promotion,  while Sonic was added to Angry Birds Epic as a playable character the following September.  Similar crossovers with the Sanrio characters Hello Kitty, Badtz-Maru, My Melody, and Chococat and the Namco game Pac-Man took place in December 2016 and February 2018, respectively.   In November 2016, a Sonic expansion pack was released for the toys-to-life game Lego Dimensions (2015); the pack includes Sonic as a playable character, in addition to Sonic -themed levels and vehicles. Music Sega director Fujio Minegishi had connections to the music industry at the time the original Sonic was in development, and suggested his friend Yūzō Kayama write the game's score. However, Sonic Team did not think Kayama's music would fit, and so commissioned Masato Nakamura, bassist and songwriter of the J-pop band Dreams Come True, to compose the soundtrack instead.   Nakamura returned to compose Sonic 2 's soundtrack. For both games, Nakamura began composing early in development with only concept images for reference.  Nakamura treated Sonic as a film and designed the music around the atmosphere that he felt from the images of the stages.  After the original game was released, Nakamura became considerably popular in Japan; as such, his asking price increased. Dreams Come True owns the rights to Nakamura's score, which created problems when the Sonic Spinball team used the Sonic theme music without permission.  Two soundtracks were composed for Sonic CD: the original score, featured in the Japanese and European releases, was composed by Naofumi Hataya and Masafumi Ogata, while the one in the North American version was composed by Spencer Nilsen, David Young, and Mark Crew. The Japanese composition team drew inspiration from club music, such as house and techno, while Hataya cited C+C Music Factory, Frankie Knuckles, and the KLF as influences.  According to Nilsen, Sega commissioned a new soundtrack for the American release believed the marketing department felt it needed a "more rich and complex" soundtrack.  A number of composers contributed to the Sonic the Hedgehog 3 score, ranging from Sega sound staff  to independent contractors recruited so the game could be released in time.  American pop musician Michael Jackson, a Sonic fan, approached Sega, and he was hired to write tracks for Sonic 3. However, it is unclear if Jackson's contributions remain in the final game. According to Ohshima and Hector, Jackson's involvement was terminated and his music reworked following the first allegations of sexual abuse against him,   but composers Doug Grigsby, Cirocco Jones, and Brad Buxer said they remained.  Buxer, who was Jackson's musical director, recalled Jackson chose to go uncredited because he was unhappy with how his music sounded on the Genesis,  and that the credits music became the basis for Jackson's 1996 single " Stranger in Moscow ".  Sonic 3 was the first Sonic game that Jun Senoue contributed to,  and, with his band Crush 40, he has composed the music for most Sonic games since Sonic 3D Blast. [c] While the Genesis Sonic soundtracks were characterized by electropop, Senoue's scores typically feature funk and rock music.  Additionally, Tomoya Ohtani has been the series' sound director since Sonic the Hedgehog in 2006, and was the lead composer for that game, Sonic Unleashed, Sonic Colors, Sonic Lost World, Sonic Runners, and Sonic Forces.   Richard Jacques has composed music for a multitude of Sonic games,   and Tee Lopes —who is known for releasing unofficial remixes of Sonic tracks on YouTube —was the lead composer for Sonic Mania  and a contributor to Team Sonic Racing.  Recent games have featured contributions from notable musicians; for instance, the main theme of the 2006 Sonic the Hedgehog was performed by Ali Tabatabaee and Matty Lewis of the band Zebrahead,  while Hoobastank lead singer Doug Robb performed the main theme of Sonic Forces.  Adapted media Animation Sega approached the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in 1992 about producing two television series—"a syndicated show for the after-school audience" and a Saturday-morning cartoon —based on Sonic. Kalinske "had seen how instrumental the launch of He-Man and the Masters of the Universe cartoon series was to the success of the toyline " during his time at Mattel and believed that success could be recreated using Sonic.  The two cartoons, the syndicated Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog (1993) and ABC's Sonic the Hedgehog (1993–1994), were produced by DIC Entertainment. DIC also produced a Sonic Christmas special in 1996 and Sonic Underground (1999–2000) to tie in with the release of Sonic Adventure.   DIC's Sonic adaptations are generally not held in high regard.    Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog comprised 65 episodes overseen by Ren & Stimpy director Kent Butterworth, and featured slapstick humor in the vein of Looney Tunes.  Meanwhile, the 26-episode Sonic the Hedgehog (commonly called Sonic SatAM),  inspired by Batman: The Animated Series, featured a bleak setting in which Eggman had conquered the world, while Sonic was a member of a resistance force that opposed him.  The series was canceled after two seasons.  Sonic Underground was supposed to last for 65 episodes, but only 40 were produced. The series follows Sonic and his siblings Manic and Sonia, who use the power of music to fight against Eggman and reunite with their mother.   In all three series, Sonic was voiced by Family Matters star Jaleel White.  Conversely, in Japan, Sega and Sonic Team collaborated with Studio Pierrot to produce a Sonic original video animation (OVA). The two-episode OVA, Sonic the Hedgehog, was released direct-to-video in Japan in 1996. To coincide with Sonic Adventure 's Western release in 1999,  ADV Films released the OVA in North America as a 55-minute film dubbed Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie. Sonic the Hedgehog, produced with input from Naka and Ohshima, is loosely based on Sonic CD (with certain elements borrowed from Sonic the Hedgehog 2 and 3),  and recounts Sonic's efforts to stop a generator taken over by Eggman from exploding and destroying their world.  Retrospectively, The A. V. Club 's Patrick Lee called the OVA "the only cartoon to adapt the look, sound, and feel of the Sonic games", with scenes and music that closely resemble the source material.  Sonic X, an anime series produced by TMS Entertainment and overseen by Naka, ran for three seasons (78 episodes) from 2003 to 2006.   While previous series' episodes simply had self-contained plots, Sonic X told a single story that spanned the series' run.  In it, the Sonic cast teleports from their home planet to Earth during a scuffle with Eggman, where they meet a human boy, Chris Thorndyke. Throughout the course of the series, Sonic and his friends attempt to return to their world while fighting Eggman. The second season adapts the Sonic Adventure games and Sonic Battle, while the third season sees the friends return with Chris to their world, where they enter outer space and fight an army of aliens.   Although Sonic X divided critics  and suffered from poor ratings in Japan,  it consistently topped ratings for its timeslot in the US and France.   Sonic Boom, a computer-animated series produced by Sega and Genao Productions,  premiered on Cartoon Network in November 2014.  It features a satirical take on the Sonic mythos,  and the franchise's cast was redesigned for it.  According to Iizuka, Sonic Boom came about as a desire to appeal more to Western audiences, and it runs parallel with the main Sonic franchise.  To promote the release of Sonic Mania Plus, a five-part series of animated shorts was released on the Sonic the Hedgehog YouTube channel between March 30 and July 17, 2018. The series depicts Sonic's return to his world following the events of Sonic Forces, teaming up with his friends to prevent Eggman and Metal Sonic from collecting the Chaos Emeralds and Master Emerald.  The shorts were written and directed by Tyson Hesse, with animation by Neko Productions and music by Tee Lopes.  Similarly, Hesse and Neko Productions produced a two-part animated series to tie in with the release of Team Sonic Racing in 2019.  Sonic and Tails also appeared as guest stars in OK K. O.! Let's Be Heroes in August 2019.  Comics A Sonic the Hedgehog manga series was published in Shogakukan 's Shogaku Yonensei magazine, beginning in 1992. Written by Kenji Terada and illustrated by Sango Norimoto, the Sonic manga followed a sweet but cowardly young hedgehog named Nicky whose alter ego was the cocky, heroic Sonic.  According to character artist Kazuyuki Hoshino, the publication of the Sonic manga was part of Sega of Japan's promotional strategy to appeal to primary school children.  The Sonic design team worked with Shogakukan to create new characters; Amy Rose and Charmy Bee originated in the manga before appearing in the games.   The longest-running Sonic -based publication is the 290-issue Sonic the Hedgehog, an American comic book published by Archie Comics from 1993 until its cancellation in 2017.  Archie also published a number of spin-offs, such as Knuckles the Echidna (1997–2000) and Sonic Universe (2009–2017). At the beginning, Archie's comic drew its premise from the Sonic the Hedgehog television series, with Sonic and a resistance force fighting the dictator Eggman.  Originally written as a "straightforward lighthearted action-comedy", Sonic the Hedgehog became more dramatic after Ken Penders began writing it with issue #11.  Penders remained the head writer for the following 150 issues, and developed an elaborate lore unique to the series. Ian Flynn took over writing duties in 2006 and remained the head writer until the series' cancellation.  Following a lawsuit by Penders for ownership of characters he created, in 2013 the series was rebooted;  the reboot resulted in hundreds of characters being dropped,  leaving only those who were introduced in the games or predated Penders' run.  At the time of its cancellation, Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog was the longest-running American comic book to never be relaunched,  and in 2008 was recognized by Guinness World Records as the longest-running comic based on a video game.  While Archie planned to publish at least four issues beyond #290, in January 2017 the series went on an abrupt hiatus,  and in July, Sega announced it was ending its business relationship with Archie in favor of a new partnership with IDW Publishing.  IDW's Sonic comic began in April 2018. Although the creative teams from the Archie series, such as Flynn, returned, the IDW series is set in a different continuity. Flynn said the IDW series differs from the Archie comic in that it draws from the games for stories, with the first story arc being set after the events of Sonic Forces.  Sonic the Comic, a British comic published by Fleetway Publications, lasted for 223 issues from 1993 to 2002; contributors to the series included Richard Elson, Nigel Kitching, Andy Diggle, and Nigel Dobbyn, among others. Sonic the Comic featured Sonic stories aimed at children, in addition to news and review sections. Although Sonic the Comic adapted the events of the games, the writers (such as Kitching) introduced concepts that allowed them to establish their own unique lore. The final story arc was a loose adaptation of Sonic Adventure in 2000, but the series continued until 2002; the last 39 issues were reprints of old stories. Following the series' cancellation, fans started Sonic the Comic Online, an unofficial webcomic that continues where the official series left off.  Live-action film Efforts to adapt Sonic to film began in August 1994, when Sega of America signed a deal with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures and Trilogy Entertainment to produce a live-action animated film to tie in with Sonic X-treme. In May 1995, screenwriter Richard Jefferies pitched a treatment, Sonic the Hedgehog: Wonders of the World, to Sega. The treatment saw Sonic and Eggman escaping from Sonic X-treme into the real world, and Sonic collaborated with a boy to stop Eggman. However, none of the companies could agree, so the film was canceled. Jeffries, with permission from Sega, pitched his treatment to DreamWorks Animation, but was rejected.  In 2013, Sony Pictures Entertainment acquired the film rights to Sonic the Hedgehog,  and in June 2014 announced it would produce a Sonic film as a joint venture with Marza Animation Planet, which helped produce cutscenes for Sonic games.  Neal H. Moritz was attached to produce under his Original Film banner, alongside Takeshi Ito, Mie Onishi, and Toru Nakahara.  In February 2016, Sega CEO Hajime Satomi stated the film was scheduled for 2018.  Blur Studio 's Tim Miller and Jeff Fowler were hired the following October to develop the film; Fowler would make his feature directorial debut, while both would executive produce.  In October 2017, Paramount Pictures acquired the rights after Sony put the film into turnaround. However, most of the production team remained unchanged.  The film, written by Patrick Casey and Josh Miller,   follows Sonic (voiced by Ben Schwartz) as he journeys to San Francisco with a small-town cop ( James Marsden) so he can escape Eggman ( Jim Carrey) and collect his missing rings. Additional cast members include Tika Sumpter, Adam Pally, and Neal McDonough.  Sonic was initially redesigned so he would be more realistic, with fur, new running shoes, two separate eyes, and a more humanlike physique.   The production team used Ted, the living teddy bear from the Ted films, as a reference to insert a CG character into a real-world setting.  Sonic's redesign was met with heavy backlash;    it was criticized for not resembling the one from the games and described as evoking an uncanny valley -type of repulsive response from viewers.  As such, the design was revised so it would better resemble the original.  Paramount originally scheduled Sonic the Hedgehog for a November 8, 2019 release,  but delayed it to February 14, 2020, to accommodate the redesign.  Reception and legacy The Sonic the Hedgehog franchise was awarded seven records by Guinness World Records in Guinness World Records: Gamer's Edition 2008. The records include "Best Selling Game on Sega Systems", "Longest Running Comic Based on a Video Game" and "Best Selling Retro Game Compilation" (for Sonic Mega Collection). In the Guinness World Records: Gamer's Edition 2010, the Sonic the Hedgehog series was listed number 15 out of the top 50 video game franchises. In September 1996, Next Generation ranked the Genesis installments of the series (but not the Game Gear or Sega CD entries that had been released up to that time) collectively as number 20 on their "Top 100 Games of All Time", calling them "the zeitgeist of the 16-bit era".  In December 2006, IGN ranked Sonic the Hedgehog as the 19th greatest series of all time, claiming that "although recent 3D entries in the series have been somewhat lacking, there is no denying the power of this franchise. "  Neuroscientists studying the development of the embryonic neural system named a specific set of proteins, in charge of the differentiation of neural tube cells, after the main character of the game franchise.   A common criticism has been that the variant gameplay styles found in recent 3D games have strayed from the formula of the original series.  Specifically, the series' jump to 3D has been noted as a declining point.  In late 2010, Sega delisted several below-average Sonic games, such as the notoriously disliked 2006 game Sonic the Hedgehog, to increase the value of the Sonic brand after positive reviews for the games Sonic the Hedgehog 4 and Sonic Colors.  Sales Effect on the industry Primarily because of its Genesis bundling, Sonic the Hedgehog contributed greatly to the console's popularity in North America.  Between October and December 1991, the Genesis outsold its chief competitor, Nintendo's Super Nintendo Entertainment System, by a two-to-one ratio; at its January 1992 peak Sega held 65 percent of the market for 16-bit consoles.  Although Nintendo eventually reclaimed the number-one position, it was the first time since December 1985 that Nintendo did not lead the console market.  According to, "Sonic single handedly turned the course of the 16-bit console wars, " helping Sega "[become] the dominant player for several years following" and contributing to the company's transformation into "the industry giant it is today. "  During the 16-bit era, Sonic inspired similar platformers starring animal mascots, including Bubsy,  Aero the Acro-Bat,  James Pond 3,  Earthworm Jim,  Zero the Kamikaze Squirrel,  and Radical Rex.  "Animal with attitude" games carried over to the 3D era, with the developers of Crash Bandicoot and Gex citing Sonic as a major inspiration.    However, Complex wrote that "very few have had the endurance that Sonic has. Many have disappeared from the scene altogether, the victims of corporate upheaval, changing tastes, or maybe just too many poorly selling games in a row. "  Cultural impact One of the world's most popular video game characters, by 1992 Sonic was considered more recognizable to children than Disney's Mickey Mouse. In 1993, Sonic became the first video game character to have a balloon in Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade,  and was one of the four characters inducted on the Walk of Game in 2005, alongside Mario, Link, and Master Chief.  One of a class of genes involved in fruit fly embryonic development, called hedgehog genes, was named " sonic hedgehog " after the character.  Additionally, a Japanese team developing the Radio & Plasma Wave Investigation (RPWI) instrumentation for the upcoming Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer spacecraft, to be launched by ESA and Airbus in 2022, was able to gain Sega's approval to use Sonic as the mascot for the device.  Sonic and Eggman appear as minor supporting characters in the Walt Disney Animation Studios films Wreck-It Ralph (2012) and Ralph Breaks the Internet (2018),   while Sonic makes a cameo in Steven Spielberg 's Ready Player One (2018).  Sonic is known for its eccentric and passionate fandom, which produces unofficial media including fangames, fan fiction, modifications and ROM hacks of existing games, films, and art. USGamer noted that many fans have continued to support the series in spite of poorly received games like the 2006 Sonic the Hedgehog, and credited the fandom with helping maintain public interest in the franchise.  Notable Sonic fangames include Sonic: After the Sequel (2013), set between the events of Sonic the Hedgehog 2 and 3,  and Sonic Dreams Collection (2015), which satirizes the series' fandom.  Sonic Mania 's development team included individuals who had worked on Sonic ROM hacks and fangames in the past,  while Iizuka said the character customization system in Sonic Forces was implemented because he wanted to give Sonic fans the opportunity to play as their original characters.  Celebrity fans of the series include horror film director John Carpenter,  actress Lacey Chabert (who voiced a character in the 2006 Sonic the Hedgehog),  and wrestler and actor Dwayne Johnson.  The series has inspired various internet memes,  which have been acknowledged by Sega and referenced in games.   "Sanic hegehog", a poorly-drawn Sonic from Microsoft Paint, originated in 2010;  it typically, the meme uses one of Sonic's catchphrases but with poor grammar. The Sonic Twitter account has made numerous references to it,  and it appeared in official downloadable content for Sonic Forces on in-game shirts.  In January 2018, players flooded the virtual reality video game VRChat with avatars depicting "Ugandan Knuckles", a deformed version of Knuckles the Echidna. The character stemmed from a 2017 review of Sonic Lost World by YouTube user Gregzilla, as well as from fans of PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds streamer Forsen, who often make references to the African country Uganda in the chat section of his streams.   The meme was controversial for its perceived racial insensitivity,  and the creator of the avatar expressed regret over how it was used.  In response, the Sonic Twitter encouraged players to respect others and donate to a Ugandan charity through GlobalGiving.  Further reading Hazeldine, Julian. Speedrun: The Unauthorised History of Sonic The Hedgehog. ISBN 9781291831887. Notes ^ Sonic Adventure 2 Battle: 1. 44 million in US,  192, 186 in Japan,  100, 000 in UK  ^ Sonic Advance: 1. 21 million in US,  204, 542 in Japan,  100, 000 in UK  ^ Sonic Mega Collection: 1. 38 million in US,  72, 967 in Japan  ^ a b c The Sonic franchise (including Mario & Sonic) had sold 89 million units by March 2011.  In addition, Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games sold 3. 28 million copies and Sonic Generations sold 1. 85 million units as of March 2012, Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed sold 1. 36 million units as of March 2013, Sonic Lost World sold 710, 000 units as of March 2014, and Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric & Shattered Crystal sold 620, 000 units as of March 2015.     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Unfortunately, I pretty much forgot all that when working on James Pond 3, and I spent too much of the development time chasing after what Sonic had just achieved. ^ Kalata, Kurt (October 10, 2008). "Earthworm Jim". Retrieved October 11, 2014. ^ Ledford, Jon (September 6, 2013). "10 Worst Video Game Mascots". Arcade Sushi. ^ Joest, Mick. "Games No One Remembers: RADICAL REX". GameTyrant. ^ "From Rags to Riches: Way of the Warrior to Crash 3 ". No. 66. United States: Funco. pp. 18–19. ^ "Making Crash Bandicoot – part 1". All Things Andy Gavin. ^ Buchanan, Levi (December 2, 2008). "What Hath Sonic Wrought?, Vol. 4". IGN. ^ Hornshaw, Phil (June 24, 2016). "Gotta Go Fast: How Sonic the Hedgehog Transcended Video Games to Become an Icon". Complex. Retrieved November 17, 2019. ^ CNET Australia staff (August 14, 2008). "Walk of Game: Mario and Sonic get stars". CNET. Retrieved November 17, 2019. ^ Yarris, Lynn (November 5, 2005). "Sonic the Hedgehog and the Fate of Neural Stem Cells". Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Retrieved June 23, 2006. ^ Plunkett, Luke (October 2, 2019). "Actual Space Mission Picks Sonic The Hedgehog As An Official Mascot". Retrieved October 2, 2019. ^ Geoghegan, Kev (February 8, 2013). "How Wreck-It Ralph recruited Sonic, Pac-Man and Bowser". BBC. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ Aguilar, Matthew (October 30, 2018). " ' Wreck-It Ralph 2': Sonic Explains Wi-Fi".. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ Riesman, Abraham (March 28, 2018). "Here Are All the References in Ready Player One". Vulture. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ a b Caty, McCarthy (August 17, 2017). "The People Who Never Gave up on Sonic: A Deep Dive Into the Most Curious (and Passionate) Fandom on the Internet". Retrieved November 22, 2019. ^ Neltz, András (June 20, 2013). "There's a New Sonic Out on PC. It's a Fangame and It Looks Amazing". Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved May 11, 2014. ^ Fingas, Jon (August 16, 2015). " ' Sonic the Hedgehog' tribute games reflect a mascot's fall from grace". Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved June 5, 2018. ^ Frank, Allegra (September 25, 2017). "Sonic Forces' Custom Hero mode might not be the wish fulfillment you want". Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ Gerardi, Matt (November 10, 2017). "John Carpenter loves Sonic The Hedgehog, even the crappy one where he's a werewolf". Retrieved November 22, 2019. ^ Greg Edwards (October 6, 2006). "GameSpy: Sonic the Horndog - Page 2". Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. ^ Johnson, Dwayne [@TheRock] (December 14, 2019). "So crazy I used to love playing Sonic in college. Many moons later this... life can be so damn wildly unpredictable and surreal at times" (Tweet) – via Twitter. ^ Knoop, Joseph (March 9, 2019). "Sonic the Hedgehog live-action memes are so hot right now". The Daily Dot. Retrieved November 3, 2019. ^ a b Frank, Allegra (January 11, 2018). "Sonic the Hedgehog Twitter takes on Ugandan Knuckles in the best way". Retrieved November 2, 2019. ^ Good, Owen S. (November 26, 2017). "Sonic Forces pays tribute to Sanic Hegehog meme". Retrieved November 2, 2019. ^ Macgregor, Jody (November 27, 2017). "Now you can get a "Sanic" T-shirt in Sonic Forces for some reason". PC Gamer. Retrieved November 2, 2019. ^ Webster, Andrew (June 23, 2016). "Talking to the man behind Sonic the Hedgehog's incredible Twitter". Retrieved November 25, 2017. ^ Glagoski, Peter (November 25, 2017). "Get your Sanic on in Sonic Forces with some free DLC". Retrieved November 25, 2017. ^ a b Hathaway, Jay (January 11, 2018). "How Ugandan Knuckles turned VRChat into a total trollfest". Retrieved January 13, 2018. ^ MacGregor, Collin (January 9, 2018). "Controversial 'Ugandan Knuckles' Meme Has Infested VRChat".. Retrieved January 13, 2018. ^ Tamburro, Paul (January 8, 2018). "Creator of VRChat's 'Ugandan Knuckles' Meme Regrets His Decision". GameRevolution. Retrieved January 13, 2018. External links Official website The History of Sonic video by GameSpot.
Sonic the hedgehog movie eggman. Production Notes from IMDbPro Status: Completed | See complete list of in-production titles » Updated: 27 November 2019 More Info: See more production information about this title on IMDbPro. Learn more More Like This Adventure Comedy Drama 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6. 3 / 10 X The romantic tale of a sheltered uptown Cocker Spaniel dog and a streetwise downtown Mutt. Director: Charlie Bean Stars: Tessa Thompson, Justin Theroux, Sam Elliott Animation 7. 5 / 10 When the newly crowned Queen Elsa accidentally uses her power to turn things into ice to curse her home in infinite winter, her sister Anna teams up with a mountain man, his playful reindeer, and a snowman to change the weather condition. Directors: Chris Buck, Jennifer Lee Kristen Bell, Idina Menzel, Jonathan Groff Short Action 5. 6 / 10 A secret agent labradoodle is recruited into a task force called T. U. F. F and fights injustice throughout the city in which he lives. Grey Griffin, Daran Norris, Jerry Trainor 6. 1 / 10 A slight malfunction causes Chaos Control, and sends Sonic the Hedgehog to Earth. While there, Sonic meets Chris Thorndyke, who aids at collecting the Chaos Emeralds, so Sonic and friends can go home. Jun'ichi Kanemaru, Sanae Kobayashi, Jason Griffith Family Fantasy 6. 7 / 10 Maleficent and her goddaughter Aurora begin to question the complex family ties that bind them as they are pulled in different directions by impending nuptials, unexpected allies, and dark new forces at play. Joachim Rønning Angelina Jolie, Elle Fanning, Harris Dickinson 7. 2 / 10 Anna, Elsa, Kristoff, Olaf and Sven leave Arendelle to travel to an ancient, autumn-bound forest of an enchanted land. They set out to find the origin of Elsa's powers in order to save their kingdom. Josh Gad 7 / 10 After the murder of his father, a young lion prince flees his kingdom only to learn the true meaning of responsibility and bravery. Jon Favreau Donald Glover, Beyoncé, Seth Rogen 8. 2 / 10 A simple act of kindness always sparks another, even in a frozen, faraway place. When Smeerensburg's new postman, Jesper, befriends toymaker Klaus, their gifts melt an age-old feud and deliver a sleigh full of holiday traditions. Sergio Pablos, Carlos Martínez López Jason Schwartzman, J. K. Simmons, Rashida Jones 7. 1 / 10 23 years after the original Sonic the Hedgehog video game, fast, handsome, and arrogant hero Sonic continues to fight his arch nemesis, Dr. Eggman. Along with Tails, Knuckles, Amy, and a new recruit named Sticks. Roger Craig Smith, Cindy Robinson, Colleen O'Shaughnessey A physician discovers that he can talk to animals. Stephen Gaghan Robert Downey Jr., Antonio Banderas, Michael Sheen 6. 6 / 10 An outlaw cat, his childhood egg-friend and a seductive thief kitty set out in search for the eggs of the fabled Golden Goose to clear his name, restore his lost honor and regain the trust of his mother and town. Chris Miller Salma Hayek, Zach Galifianakis Scooby and the gang face their most challenging mystery ever: a plot to unleash the ghost dog Cerberus upon the world. As they race to stop this dogpocalypse, the gang discovers that Scooby has an epic destiny greater than anyone imagined. Tony Cervone Mckenna Grace, Mark Wahlberg, Zac Efron Edit Storyline Based on the global blockbuster videogame franchise from Sega, SONIC THE HEDGEHOG tells the story of the world's speediest hedgehog as he embraces his new home on Earth. In this live-action adventure comedy, Sonic and his new best friend Tom (James Marsden) team up to defend the planet from the evil genius Dr. Robotnik (Jim Carrey) and his plans for world domination. The family-friendly film also stars Tika Sumpter and Ben Schwartz as the voice of Sonic. Written by Paramount Pictures Plot Summary Add Synopsis Taglines: Speed is his second name See more » Motion Picture Rating ( MPAA) Rated PG for action, some violence, rude humor and brief mild language. See all certifications » Details Release Date: 14 February 2020 (USA) Also Known As: Sonic the Hedgehog Box Office Budget: $90, 000, 000 (estimated) See more on IMDbPro » Company Credits Technical Specs See full technical specs » Did You Know? Trivia Ben Schwartz (voice of Sonic in this film) and Jason Griffith (voice of Sonic in the games from 2005-2010 as well as the English Dub of the Anime Sonic X (2003)) both voiced versions of Leonardo of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles clan, another character associated with the colour blue. Schwartz voiced him in the Nickelodeon series Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2018), and Griffith voiced his Mirage Comics counterpart in the 4Kids TV film Turtles Forever (2009). See more » Quotes Sonic the Hedgehog: Where am I? What year is it? Is The Rock president? See more » Crazy Credits The stars in the Paramount logo are replaced with rings. See more » Soundtracks Green Hill Zone Written by Masato Nakamura See more » Frequently Asked Questions See more ».
I must proceed at a high velocity.
Sonic the hedgehog movie scene. Sonic the hedgehog movie before and after. Just realised now we gotta have gumball vs spongebob again because of the notepad in gumball. When. will. It. End. (My heart cant take anymore of this. Sonic the hedgehog movie tails scene. Sonic the hedgehog youtube. Do a superman mod please. Sonic the hedgehog scene. HEY NINTENDO Genesis does...
Sonic the hedgehog theme song. Sonic the hedgehog wiki. In the new version for February, they're going to give cartoonish sonic individual rendered quills. Sonic the hedgehog: the movie. Like si saves que la vos de sonic es de luisito comunica ya que lo veas en internet. Hoohh. Ahora entiendo todo😝. Sonic the hedgehog movie tails. No one gonna mention the fact that sonic read the flash comics.
Sonic the hedgehog movie 2020. Sonic the hedgehog 1. Sonic the hedgehog first trailer. Vorführungen Trailer Besetzung & Stab User-Kritiken Pressekritiken FILMSTARTS-Kritik Bilder VoD Zum Trailer Bewerte: 0. 5 1 1. 5 2 2. 5 3 3. 5 4 4. 5 5 Möchte ich sehen Kritik schreiben Inhaltsangabe & Details FSK ab 6 freigegeben Sonic (Stimme im Original: Ben Schwartz), der blaue Igel aus einer anderen Dimension, flieht vor außeridischen Verfolgern, die seine Spezialfähigkeiten für ihre Zwecke missbrauchen wollen, auf die Erde. Das Dumme ist nur, dass es ihm auf unserem Planeten nicht anders ergeht. Auch die US-Regierung interssiert sich bald für den schnellen Igel, der bei seiner Ankunft erst einmal für einen Stromausfall sorgt. Washington beauftragt den wahnsinnigen Dr. Robotnik (Jim Carrey) damit, Sonic zu jagen, ohne zu ahnen, dass der verrückte Professor die Kräfte des Igels selbst zur Weltherrschaft nutzen will. Der Dorfsheriff Tom (James Marsden) steht Sonic zur Seite. Leinwandadaption des populären Maskottchens des Spieleherstellers SEGA: "Sonic the Hedgehog". Der blaue Igel Sonic, der die besondere Fähigkeit besitzt, mit Schallgeschwindigkeit rennen zu können, gilt weltweit als eine der populärsten Videospielfiguren. In seinem ersten Auftritt auf der großen Leinwand muss er wie in den Videospielen seinen Erzfeind, den fiesen Dr. Ivo "Eggman" Robotik, davon abhalten, die Weltherrschaft an sich zu reißen. Originaltitel Sonic the Hedgehog Verleiher Paramount Pictures Germany Weitere Details Hier im Kino Das könnte dich auch interessieren Schauspielerinnen und Schauspieler Komplette Besetzung und vollständiger Stab 36 Bilder Aktuelles 17 Nachrichten und Specials Ähnliche Filme Weitere ähnliche Filme Kommentare.
Sonic the hedgehog toys. Sonic the hedgehog videos. I hope he can somehow turn on and off the “sonic vision” because that would be a terrible existence. Sonic the hedgehog 2019. Sonic the hedgehog full movie 2019. Sonic the hedgehog movie trailer reaction. © SEGA. SEGA, the SEGA logo and SONIC THE HEDGEHOG are either registered trademarks or trademarks of SEGA Holdings Co., Ltd. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. SEGA is registered in the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office. All other trademarks, logos and copyrights are property of their respective owners.
I got way too excited over the mention of Randy Cunningham: Ninth Grade Ninja lmao
But I'm still pissed. 2019: horrific blue creature 2020:classic sonic. So the 'New trailer isn't the new trailer, it is fan made. Sonic the hedgehog 4. Think I'l wait for the DVD. Sonic looks cute c.
Just release the whole movie already
Sonic the hedgehog stories. Sonic the hedgehog movie trailer 1. Sonic the hedgehog 2. Sonic the hedgehog full movie 2020. Sonic the hedgehog music.